ONE YEAR AGO: Hurricane Sandy leaves its mark on Northern Ohio

CLEVELAND - According to the Cleveland National Weather Service, Hurricane Sandy tracked up the east coast of the United States and merged with an upper level trough on October 29, 2012. Hurricane Sandy transitioned to a post-tropical cyclone and came onshore around 8 pm EDT in Southern New Jersey with an impressive central pressure of 946 mb or 27.94 inches. The post-tropical cyclone tracked west across Pennsylvania overnight on October 29 and brought damaging winds and prolonged rainfall to Northern Ohio.

Northerly winds were especially strong downwind of Lake Erie due to the un-obstructed flow and deeper mixing heights over the warm water. High winds impacted the lakeshore counties of Northern Ohio.

The strong winds caused extensive tree damage with widespread power outages and even structural damage to some buildings. The Cleveland metro area was particularly hard hit with numerous school closures (some for multiple days). Storm Force winds (50 knots) generated waves of 15 to 18 feet. Waves reached as high as 14 feet from buoy 45005 located 16 NM northwest of Lorain. Waves 25 to 30 feet high hit the break wall along the East Shoreway  of Interstate 90, causing big head aches for motorists.

At 68 mph wind gust was recorded at Cleveland Hopkins Airport at 11:25pm on October 29th. A 67 mph wind gust blew threw Burke Lakefront Airport  at 9:32pm that evening. A few hours later (12:25 am, October 30th), a wind gust of 49 mph was measured at the Akron/Canton Regional Airport. Mansfield measured a gust of 46 mph at 2:40 am, October 30th.

Rainfall totals were impressive as well! Prior to the arrival of Hurricane Sandy on the east coast, a storm system was making its way across the Midwest and Great Lakes. This brought rainfall to the local area on Friday night (10/27) and Saturday morning (10/28). That rainfall, combined with the rains from the remnants of Sandy added up to some impressive amounts:

*Rainfall from Friday, 10/26 thru the next Thursday, 11/1:

CLEVELAND HOPKINS AIRPORT: 7.29 inches

AKRON/CANTON REGIONAL AIRPORT: 3.63 inches

MANSFIELD LAHM AIRPORT: 3.89 inches

The rainfall led to flooding along area rivers. The Cuyahoga River reached into major flood status. The Huron, Vermilion, Chagrin, and Black Rivers reached into minor and moderate flood status. Along the Cuyahoga River the worst flooding occurred in the Valley View area where many roads were blocked and basements inundated. With the winds forcing large waves on Lake Erie and a rise in water level along the southern shore, rivers were not draining as efficiently. The combination of lake-induced flooding and river flooding from rainfall resulted in flooding in the towns of Willoughby and Vermilion, where homes near the mouth of the rivers were inundated. Rain continued the remainder of the week as the influence of the low lingered. The center of the low reached western PA late Tuesday and then began to slowly pull away Wednesday onward. Precipitation is locally enhanced by Lake Erie and from upslope flow across the higher terrain of northeast Ohio.

Here are the official Storm Reports from the Cleveland National Weather Service*:

 0100 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG PORT CLINTON            41.51N 82.94W 10/29/2012                   OTTAWA             OH   BROADCAST MEDIA              HOLIDAY INN SIGN BLOWN OVER.  0250 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG AMHERST                 41.40N 82.23W 10/29/2012                   LORAIN             OH   PUBLIC              30 FOOT TREE DOWN ACROSS ROAD DAMAGING A CAR. ESTIMATED             50-60 MPH WINDS.  0600 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG MEADVILLE               41.65N 80.15W 10/29/2012                   CRAWFORD           PA   EMERGENCY MNGR              AT LEAST 50 TREES DOWN ACROSS THE COUNTY.  0620 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG WOODCOCK                41.75N 80.08W 10/29/2012                   CRAWFORD           PA   PUBLIC              TREE DOWN CAUSING MINOR DAMAGE TO PROPERTY. MEASURED 30             MPH SUSTAINED WINDS WITH 38 MPH GUSTS.  0635 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG 2 SW CANFIELD           41.01N 80.79W 10/29/2012                   MAHONING           OH   BROADCAST MEDIA              TREE DOWN ON KNAUF RD SOUTH OF ROUTE 224  0720 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG NORTH OLMSTED           41.41N 81.92W 10/29/2012                   CUYAHOGA           OH   NWS EMPLOYEE              TREES AND LIMBS ON A HOUSE.  0730 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG LORAIN                  41.44N 82.18W 10/29/2012                   LORAIN             OH   EMERGENCY MNGR              MAJOR ROOF DAMAGE TO GYMNASIUM AT SCHOOL AND CHURCH             COMPLEX.  0925 PM     NON-TSTM WND GST CLEVELAND               41.48N 81.68W 10/29/2012  M67.00 MPH       CUYAHOGA           OH   ASOS              67 MPH GUST AT CLEVELAND BURKE AIRPORT.  0930 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG CLEVELAND               41.48N 81.68W 10/29/2012                   CUYAHOGA           OH   C-MAN STATION              68 MPH GUST MEASURED BY A MARINE OBSERVING STATION JUST             EAST OF DOWNTOWN CLEVELAND.  1000
PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG CHARDON                 41.58N 81.21W 10/29/2012                   GEAUGA             OH   NEWSPAPER              MANY TREES DOWN ACROSS GEAUGA COUNTY. SCATTERED POWER             OUTAGES REPORTED.  1000 PM     NON-TSTM WND DMG MENTOR                  41.69N 81.33W 10/29/2012                   LAKE               OH   NEWSPAPER              MANY TREES DOWN ACROSS LAKE COUNTY. TREES ON HOMES IN             MENTOR AND WILLOUGBY. SCATTERED POWER OUTAGES.  1050 PM     NON-TSTM WND GST 17 ENE MARBLEHEAD       41.63N 82.42W 10/29/2012  M58.00 MPH       LEZ164             OH   BUOY              PEAK WIND GUST FROM BUOY 45005.  1100 PM     NON-TSTM WND GST HURON                   41.40N 82.56W 10/29/2012  M62.00 MPH       ERIE               OH   C-MAN STATION              62 MPH GUST MEASURED AT THE HURON LIGHT.  1129 PM     NON-TSTM WND GST CONNEAUT                41.93N 80.57W 10/29/2012  M61.00 MPH       ASHTABULA          OH   C-MAN STATION              61 MPH GUST MEASURED AT THE CONNEAUT LIGHT.  1129 PM     NON-TSTM WND GST CLEVELAND               41.48N 81.68W 10/29/2012  M68.00 MPH       CUYAHOGA           OH   ASOS              68 MPH GUST AT CLEVELAND HOPKINS  1206 AM     NON-TSTM WND GST FAIRPORT HARBOR         41.75N 81.27W 10/30/2012  M67.00 MPH       LAKE               OH   C-MAN STATION              A 67 MPH GUST MEASURED AT THE FAIRPORT HARBOR LIGHT.  1208 AM     NON-TSTM WND GST CLEVELAND               41.48N 81.68W 10/30/2012  M64.00 MPH       CUYAHOGA           OH   ASOS              64 MPH GUST AT CLEVELAND HOPKINS.  0116 AM     NON-TSTM WND GST MARBLEHEAD              41.53N 82.72W 10/30/2012  M59.00 MPH       OTTAWA             OH   C-MAN STATION              59 MPH GUST MEASURE AT THE MARBLEHEAD LIGHTHOUSE.  0120 AM     NON-TSTM WND GST GENEVA                  41.80N 80.95W 10/30/2012  M58.00 MPH       ASHTABULA          OH   C-MAN STATION              58 MPH GUST MEASURED AT THE GENEVA LIGHT.  0145 AM     NON-TSTM WND GST 2 W ELYRIA              41.38N 82.14W 10/30/2012  M63.00 MPH       LORAIN             OH   ASOS              63 MPH GUST AT THE LORAIN COUNTY AIRPORT.  0200 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG JOHNSTON                41.39N 80.67W 10/30/2012                   TRUMBULL           OH   DEPT OF HIGHWAYS              SEVERAL TREES DOWN IN THE NORTHEAST PART OF THE COUNTY.  0300 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG 3 NE POLK               40.98N 82.17W 10/30/2012                   ASHLAND            OH   NWS EMPLOYEE              SEVERAL 6 INCH DIAMETER TREE LIMBS DOWN.  0300 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG MANSFIELD               40.76N 82.53W 10/30/2012                   RICHLAND           OH   DEPT OF HIGHWAYS              MANSFIELD CITY STREET DEPARTMENT REPORTED SEVERAL TREES             DOWN AROUND MANSFIELD.  0400 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG MOUNT GILEAD            40.55N 82.84W 10/30/2012                   MORROW             OH   911 CALL CENTER              DISPATCH REPORTED SCATTERED TREES AND POWER LINES DOWN             ACROSS THE COUNTY.  0430 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG PORT CLINTON            41.51N 82.94W 10/30/2012                   OTTAWA             OH   LAW ENFORCEMENT              POLICE REPORTED SCATTERED TREE LIMBS DOWN.  0430 AM     COASTAL FLOOD    PORT CLINTON            41.51N 82.94W 10/30/2012                   OTTAWA             OH   LAW ENFORCEMENT              WATER COVERED CITY BEACH AND OVERCAME BREAKWALL. SAND             COVERED PORTION OF ROADWAY THIS MORNING.  0430 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG 5 SE CANTON             40.76N 81.31W 10/30/2012                   STARK              OH   DEPT OF HIGHWAYS              4-5 TREES DOWN WITH ROADS CLOSED IN OSNABURG TOWNSHIP.  0500 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG ASHTABULA               41.88N 80.80W 10/30/2012                   ASHTABULA          OH   DEPT OF HIGHWAYS              DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REPORTS NUMEROUS TREES DOWN             ACROSS COUNTY.  0600 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG FREMONT                 41.35N 83.11W 10/30/2012                   SANDUSKY           OH   DEPT OF HIGHWAYS              HIGHWAY DEPARTMENT REPORTED A FEW TREES DOWN ACROSS THE             COUNTY.  0600 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG PORT CLINTON            41.51N 82.94W 10/30/2012                   OTTAWA             OH   LAW ENFORCEMENT              POLICE REPORTED SEVERAL TREE LIMBS DOWN.  0700 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG 4 NE TIFFIN             41.16N 83.12W 10/30/2012                   SENECA             OH   DEPT OF HIGHWAYS              DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION REPORTED TREES DOWN ON ROUTE             101 NORTH OF TIFFIN.  0830 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG WESTLAKE                41.45N 81.93W 10/30/2012                   CUYAHOGA           OH   NWS EMPLOYEE              2 TREES DOWN ON HOUSE.  0940 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG AKRON                   41.08N 81.52W 10/30/2012                   SUMMIT             OH   911 CALL CENTER              SHERIFF OFFICE REPORTED SCATTERED TREE LIMBS AND POWER             OUTAGES COUNTY WIDE.  0940 AM     NON-TSTM
WND DMG RAVENNA                 41.16N 81.24W 10/30/2012                   PORTAGE            OH   911 CALL CENTER              SHERIFF OFFICE REPORTED SCATTERED TREE LIMBS AND POWER             LINES DOWN COUNTY WIDE.  0955 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG TOLEDO                  41.66N 83.58W 10/30/2012                   LUCAS              OH   LAW ENFORCEMENT              POLICE REPORTED SCATTERED TREE LIMBS AND POWER LINES DOWN             ACROSS THE CITY.  1010 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG SANDUSKY                41.46N 82.71W 10/30/2012                   ERIE               OH   911 CALL CENTER              NUMEROUS TREES AND POWER LINES DOWN ACROSS THE COUNTY.  1020 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG ERIE                    42.13N 80.09W 10/30/2012                   ERIE               PA   911 CALL CENTER              DISPATCH REPORTED NUMEROUS TREES AND POWER LINES DOWN             ACROSS THE COUNTY.  1103 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG 3 NW NEW LONDON         41.11N 82.45W 10/30/2012                   HURON              OH   TRAINED SPOTTER              TREES DOWN. 0200 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG BROADVIEW HEIGHTS       41.32N 81.68W 10/30/2012                   CUYAHOGA           OH   TRAINED SPOTTER              12 TO 14 FOOT TREE UPROOTED 0200 PM     SNOW             MANSFLD ARPT            40.81N  82.52W 10/30/2012  E2.5 INCH        RICHLAND           OH   TRAINED SPOTTER              STORM TOTAL FOR THE EVENT 0230 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG YOUNGSTOWN              41.10N 80.65W 10/30/2012                   MAHONING           OH   PARK/FOREST SRVC              A FEW LARGE LIMBS AND A COUPLE OF TREES DOWN.  0230 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG GALION                  40.73N 82.79W 10/30/2012                   CRAWFORD           OH   EMERGENCY MNGR              SOME LARGE LIMBS DOWN.  0300 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG CLEVELAND               41.48N 81.68W 10/30/2012                   CUYAHOGA           OH   BROADCAST MEDIA              30 PLEASURE BOATS SANK AND 12 DRIFTED AWAY FROM SEVERAL             MARINAS ALONG CLEVELANDS LAKESHORE.  0400 AM     NON-TSTM WND DMG WOOSTER                 40.82N 81.93W 10/30/2012                   WAYNE              OH   NEWSPAPER              FEW TREES DOWN...DAMAGE TO A HOME AND FENCE. 

*Thanks to Cleveland National Weather Service Office Hopkins Airport

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